Severan dynasty

related topics
{son, year, death}
{war, force, army}
{woman, child, man}
{church, century, christian}
{country, population, people}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{household, population, female}
{group, member, jewish}
{god, call, give}

The Severan dynasty was a Roman imperial dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 193 and 235. The dynasty was founded by the Roman general Septimius Severus, who rose to power during the civil war of 193, known as the Year of the Five Emperors.

Although Septimius Severus successfully restored peace following the upheaval of the late 2nd century, the dynasty was disturbed by highly unstable family relationships, and constant political turmoil, foreshadowing the imminent Crisis of the Third Century. It was the last lineage of the Principate founded by Augustus.



Septimius Severus (193–211)

Lucius Septimius Severus was born to a family of equestrian rank in the Roman province of Africa proconsularis. He rose through military service to consular rank under the later Antonines. Proclaimed emperor in 193 by his legionaries in Noricum during the political unrest that followed the death of Commodus, he secured sole rule over the empire in 197 after defeating his last rival, Clodius Albinus, at the Battle of Lugdunum.

Severus fought a successful war against the Parthians and campaigned with success against barbarian incursions in Roman Britain, rebuilding Hadrian's Wall. In Rome, his relations with the Senate were poor, but he was popular with the commoners, as with his soldiers, whose salary he raised. Starting in 197, the influence of his Praetorian prefect Gaius Fulvius Plautianus was a negative influence; the latter was executed in 205. One of Plautianus's successors was the jurist Aemilius Papinianus. Severus continued official persecution of Christians and Jews, as they were the only two groups who would not assimilate their beliefs to the official syncretistic creed.

Full article ▸

related documents
Peter III of Aragon
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
Diego de Almagro
James III of Scotland
Margaret of Anjou
Louis VII of France
Sun Quan
Frederick III of Denmark
Sweyn Forkbeard
Philip II of France
Llywelyn the Last
House of Hohenstaufen
John Wilkes Booth
Franz Joseph I of Austria
Nikephoros II
Charles II of England
William Bligh
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Alexander II of Russia
Louis XI of France
Albert I of Belgium
Ivan III of Russia
Louis the Pious
History of Württemberg
Zita of Bourbon-Parma
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld