Sewing machine

related topics
{@card@, make, design}
{system, computer, user}
{company, market, business}
{specie, animal, plant}
{build, building, house}
{household, population, female}
{car, race, vehicle}
{law, state, case}
{game, team, player}

A sewing machine is a textile machine used to stitch fabric, cards and other material together with thread. Sewing machines were invented during the first Industrial Revolution to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies. Since the invention of the first working sewing machine, generally considered to have been the work of Englishman Thomas Saint in 1790,[1] the sewing machine has vastly improved the efficiency and productivity of fabric, clothing industries,needle industries.

Home sewing machines are all similar—designed for one person to manually sew individual items while using a single stitch type. Modern sewing machines are designed in such a way that the fabric easily glides in and out of the machine without the hassle of needles and thimbles and other such tools used in hand sewing, automating the process of stitching and saving time.

Industrial sewing machines, by contrast, are larger, faster, more complex, and more varied in their size, cost, appearance, and task.

The fabric shifting mechanism may be a workguide or may be pattern-controlled (e.g., jacquard type). Some machines can create embroidery-type stitches. Some have a work holder frame. Some have a workfeeder that can move along a curved path, while others have a workfeeder with a work clamp. Needle guards, safety devices to prevent accidental needle-stick injuries, are often found on modern sewing machines.

Contents

History and development

In 1791 British inventor Thomas Saint was the first to patent a design for a sewing machine.[2] His machine was meant to be used on leather and canvas. A working model was never built.

In 1814 an Austrian tailor Josef Madersperger, presented his first sewing machine, the development of which started in 1807.

In 1830 a French tailor named Barthélemy Thimonnier, patented a sewing machine that sewed straight seams using chain stitch. By 1841, Thimonnier had a factory of 80 machines sewing uniforms for the French Army.[citation needed] The factory was destroyed by rioting French tailors afraid of losing their livelihood. Thimonnier had no further success with his machine.

Full article ▸

related documents
List of counties in Alabama
Coins of the pound sterling
Kilt
Papermaking
Fishing rod
Tattoo
Casting
Archery
Bikini
Hapkido
Movable type
Knitting
Disc golf
Flag of Romania
Corset
Sword
Inkjet printer
Fencing
Knife
Typewriter
Wing Chun
Vibraphone
Snowshoe
Wood
Glasses
Laser printer
School uniform
Yo-yo
Longsword
Book