Shawano County, Wisconsin

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Shawano County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of 2000, the population was 40,664. Its county seat is Shawano[1].



Its name is from a modified Ojibwa term meaning "southern";[2][3] A Menominee Chief named Sawanoh led a band that lived in the area.[4] Many citizens of Shawano believe the lake, county, and city (Town of Shawanaw founded 1853 and changed to Shawano in 1856), were named after Chief Sawanoh, despite a historical marker placed in 1958 near the lake along Highway 22 which claims the lake was named because it was the southern boundary of Chippewa territory. No documented proof has been provided to date, to establish either case as preeminent and so both may be correct depending on the oral history of the people you talk to. There are various historical recordings of the spelling of Shawano including: Sawanoh, Shawanaw, Sharuno, Shabin, Savannah, Savanah... which show the influence of French, German, and English translation (v's, w's, and b's, sounding very similar and thus being recorded incorrectly at times). The disparity probably comes from a human tendency to miss subtle differences in the articulation of words/names, especially from languages other than our native tongues. This disparity in translation is also evident in the Mahican/Mahikan/Maikens tribe vs. Mohegan/Mohecan/Morhican tribe vs Mohicans (from the fictional story by James Fenimore Cooper: "The Last of the Mohicans").

The Stockbridge-Munsee Community, (Mahican), is located in Shawano County in the towns of Bartelme, and Red Springs.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 909 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 893 square miles (2,310 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (1.85%) is water.

Adjacent counties

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