Shelbyville, Illinois

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Shelbyville is a city in Shelby County, Illinois, along the Kaskaskia River. The population was 4,971 at the 2000 census, with a 2006 U.S. Census population estimate of 4,711.[1] It is the county seat of Shelby County.[2] Shelby Memorial Hospital, located in town, is the county's only hospital.



Shelbyville is located at 39°24′29″N 88°47′59″W / 39.40806°N 88.79972°W / 39.40806; -88.79972 (39.408142, -88.799730).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10.0 km²), of which, 3.7 square miles (9.6 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (4.90%) is water.

Shelbyville was founded in 1827 and named in honor of Isaac Shelby, hero of the Revolutionary War and Governor of Kentucky. The history of Shelbyville begins with Barnett Bone, a Tennessean who, in 1835, built a log cabin along the Kaskaskia River. His cabin eventually became the county courthouse. The first businesses were blacksmith shops, a general store and stage coach stop, and a grist mill.

The terminal moraine of the Wisconsin Glacier is located near Shelbyville. This is referred to as the Shelbyville Moraine.[4]

Shelbyville Dam

The Kaskaskia River has been dammed where it breaches the Shelbyville Moraine, forming Lake Shelbyville. The picture to the right was taken from the top of the dam.

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