Shenandoah, Pennsylvania

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Shenandoah is a small town located in the lower part of the anthracite Coal Region, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. It is 105 miles (169 km) northwest of Philadelphia. The Greater Shenandoah area includes Shenandoah Heights, which is part of West Mahanoy Township and is located just north of Shenandoah.



The area that became Shenandoah was first settled by a farmer named Peter Kehley in 1835. He sold his claim to the Philadelphia Land Company, which in anticipation of the opening of coal mines in the area, laid out the town in 1862.[1]

Booming growth occurred during the Civil War years caused by the development and opening of several anthracite coal mines.[citation needed] The area was incorporated as a borough in 1866 [1] and was a famous hotbed of activity during the era of the Molly Maguires in the 1870s.[citation needed]

After the original influx of English, Welsh, Irish, and German immigrants a large influx of peoples from the eastern and southern European countries occurred in the decades before and after the turn of the 20th century.[citation needed] By 1920, the town had a population of nearly 30,000 residents and the city began taking on a appearance.[citation needed] The community was hard hit by the decline of the anthracite coal industry after World War II and heavy emigration by coal miners occurred in order to find work elsewhere.[citation needed]

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