Shiloh, Illinois

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Shiloh is a village in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States. A 2005 census recorded a population of 11,000.

A site known as Three Springs for its geological characteristics hosted an 11-day revival camp meeting in April, 1807, the first in St. Clair County and probably the second in the whole Illinois Country, which was then part of Indiana Territory. It was organized by the spellbinding Rev. William McKendree, Presiding Elder of the Western Conference and 4th Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

This assembly inspired construction of the log Shiloh Meeting House on the site over a two-day period shortly afterward, again the first Methodist church in the county and second in the Illinois Country. This meeting house came to be the longest-organized United Methodist church in the state of Illinois, bequeathing its name to the village and township which grew up around it. 3 members of this church played significant roles in State government in the effort to prevent slaveholding from gaining a foothold in Illinois.

Contents

Geography

Shiloh is located at 38°33′0″N 89°54′53″W / 38.55°N 89.91472°W / 38.55; -89.91472 (38.550132, -89.914859).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26.1 km²), of which, 10.1 square miles (26.0 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.30%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 7,643 people, 2,778 households, and 2,080 families residing in the village. The population density was 760.2 people per square mile (293.6/km²). There were 2,928 housing units at an average density of 291.2/sq mi (112.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 82.14% White, 13.32% African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.79% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.62% of the population.

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