Shinnecock Reservation, New York

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Shinnecock Reservation is an Indian reservation for members of the Shinnecock Indian Nation in the town of Southampton in Suffolk County, New York, United States. It lies on the east side of Shinnecock Bay on southeastern Long Island, near Tuckahoe, Shinnecock Hills, and the village of Southampton. The population was 504 as of the 2000 census.

On December 15, 2009, the New York Times reported an announcement by the Obama administration that the Shinnecock Indians on Long Island meet the criteria for federal recognition, signaling the end of a 30-year court battle.[1] This will enable the tribe to move forward with its plans for a casino in New York City or its suburbs. The announcement all but assures that the 1,066-member Shinnecock Indian Nation will receive formal federal recognition, following a public-comment period of up to six months which must be held before the final order is issued. The reservation has been recognized by New York State but not the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs — a discrepancy which has defined the lines in proposals for the reservation to introduce Indian gaming.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Indian reservation has a total area of 1.3073 mi² (3.3859 km² ), all land.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 504 people, 179 households, and 119 families residing in the Indian reservation. The population density was 385.5/mi² (148.5/km²). There were 194 housing units at an average density of 148.4/mi² (57.2/km²). The racial makeup of the Indian reservation was 3.97% White, 2.38% Black or African American, 91.07% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 1.39% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.96% of the population.

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