Shiraz

related topics
{city, large, area}
{utc_offset, utc_offset_dst, timezone}
{country, population, people}
{church, century, christian}
{god, call, give}
{son, year, death}
{work, book, publish}
{build, building, house}
{specie, animal, plant}
{land, century, early}
{township, household, population}
{village, small, smallsup}

Coordinates: 29°37′N 52°32′E / 29.617°N 52.533°E / 29.617; 52.533

2006 Census was 1,227,311[3]

Shiraz (About this sound listen Persian: شیراز Persian pronunciation: [ʃiːˈrɒːz]) is the sixth most populous city in Iran[5] and is the capital of Fars Province. Shiraz is located in the southwest of Iran on the Rudkhaneye Khoshk seasonal river. Shiraz has a moderate climate and has been a regional trade center for more than one thousand years.

The earliest reference to the city, as Tiraziš, is on Elamite clay tablets dated to 2000 BC.[6] In the 13th century, Shiraz became a leading center of the arts and letters, thanks to the encouragement of its ruler and the presence of many Persian scholars and artists. Shiraz was the capital of Persia during the Zand dynasty from 1750 until 1781, as well as briefly during the Saffarid period.

Shiraz is known as the city of poets, wine and flowers.[7] The word "shir" in Farsi means "lion", but it could also mean "milk". It is also considered by many Iranians to be the city of gardens, due to the many gardens and fruit trees that can be seen in the city. Shiraz has had major Jewish and Christian communities. The crafts of Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular design; silver-ware; pile carpet-weaving and weaving of kilim, called gilim and jajim in the villages and among the tribes.[8] In Shiraz industries such as cement production, sugar, fertilizers, textile products, wood products, metalwork and rugs dominate.[9] Shirāz also has a major oil refinery and is also a major center for Iran's electronic industries: 53% of Iran's electronic investment has been centered in Shiraz.[10] Shiraz is home to Iran's first solar power plant.[11]

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Kathmandu
Port-au-Prince
Salzburg
Lilongwe
Linköping
Tegucigalpa
Camberwell
Accra
Pyongyang
Samara, Russia
Montpellier
Transport in the Faroe Islands
Bursa
London Waterloo station
Cannes
Kragujevac
Lausanne
Linz
Traralgon, Victoria
Burgess Hill
Piraeus
Catford
Romford
Yorkshire
Dorking
London Borough of Enfield
Slavonski Brod
Acton, London
Abuja
Castries