Shot put

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The shot put is a track and field event involving "putting" (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy ball (called the shot) as far as possible. It is common to use the term "shot put" to refer to both the shot itself and to the push.


Competitions and rules

Competitors take their throw from inside a circle 2.135 m (7 feet) in diameter, with a stopboard approximately 4 inches (10 cm) high at the front of the circle. The distance thrown is measured from the inside of the circumference of the circle to the nearest mark made by the falling shot in the soil.


  • Upon calling the athlete's name, he/she has 60 seconds to begin the throwing motion.
  • The athlete may not wear gloves. Under NFHS (US high school) and NCAA rules, the athlete may not tape his/her fingers, except to cover a cut or open wound; however, USATF and IAAF rules permit the taping of individual fingers.
  • The athlete must rest the shot close to the neck and keep it tight to the neck while throwing.
  • Athlete is allowed to touch the inside surface of the circle or stopboard but must not touch the top or outside of the circle or stopboard.
  • Shot must land in the legal sector (34.92°) of the throwing area.
  • Athlete must exit the throwing circle from the back.

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