Simonides of Kea

related topics
{son, year, death}
{god, call, give}
{church, century, christian}
{album, band, music}
{language, word, form}
{theory, work, human}

Simonides of Ceos (Ancient Greek: Σιμωνίδης ὁ Κεῖος) (c. 556 BC-468 BC), Greek lyric poet, was born at Ioulis on Kea. He was included in the canonical list of nine lyric poets by the scholars of Hellenistic Alexandria, along with Bacchylides (his nephew) and Pindar (reputedly a bitter rival). Both Bacchylides and Pindar benefited from his innovative approach to lyric poetry and he was more involved than either of them in the major events and personalities of their times.[3] His fame owes much to traditional accounts of his colourful life, as one of the wisest of men, as a greedy miser, as an inventor of a system of mnemonics and also of some letters of the Greek alphabet (ω, η, ξ, ψ ).[4] Such accounts include fanciful elements yet he had a real influence on the sophistic enlightenment of the classical era.[5] His fame as a poet rests largely on his ability to present basic human situations with affecting simplicity.[1] In the words of the Roman rhetorician Quintilian:

He is popularly associated with epitaphs commemorating fallen warriors, as for example the Lacedaemonians at The Battle of Thermopylae:

Translated in the original form of an elegiac couplet:

Today only glimpses of his poetry remain, either in the form of papyrus fragments or quotations by ancient literary figures, yet new fragments continue to be unearthed by archeologists at Oxyrhynchus.[7] His general fame as a wise and colourful personality has led to his inclusion in narratives as diverse as Mary Renault's historical novel The Praise Singer (where he is depicted as the narrator and main character), Plato's Protagoras (where he is a topic of conversation), and some verses in Callimachus' Aetia (where he is amusingly represented as a ghost complaining about the desecration of his own tomb in Acragas).[8]

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Saul
Mordecai
Everyman (play)
Gyges of Lydia
Branwen
Adrastus
Alcmaeon (mythology)
Aegeus
Emperor Jimmu
Gunnar Hámundarson
Uther Pendragon
Omri
Jaufre Rudel
Khosrau II
Whaitiri
Alcaeus of Mytilene
Diti
Halfdan the Black
Peregrin Took
Admetus
Aengus
Antigone
Théoden
Gudrun
Zerubbabel
Callimachus
Dune Messiah
Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau
'Aho'eitu
Penelope