Sirach

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Sirach, by the Jewish scribe Ben Sira of Jerusalem, also known as Wisdom of Jesus son of Sirach, the Wisdom of Ben Sira, or Ecclesiasticus, is a work from the early 2nd century BC. The book was not accepted into the Hebrew Bible; as a result the Jewish community chose not to preserve it in the original Hebrew text, and it exists now only in the Greek translation of the original. Sirach is occasionally quoted in the Talmud and works of rabbinic literature (as "ספר בן סירא", e.g., Hagigah 13a). Despite its rejection from the Jewish canon, it was included in the Septuagint (the 2nd century BC translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek) and is accepted as part of the Christian biblical canon by Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, and most Oriental Orthodox but not by most Protestants, and is listed in among the Deuterocanonical books in Article VI of the Thirty-Nine Articles of the Church of England.[1] The Greek Church Fathers also called it "The All-Virtuous Wisdom," while the Latin Church Fathers, beginning with Cyprian,[2] termed it Ecclesiasticus because it was frequently read in churches, leading to the title liber ecclesiasticus (Latin and Latinised Greek for "church book").

In Egypt, it was translated into Greek by the author's grandson, who added a prologue. The Prologue to Ben Sira is generally considered the earliest witness to a canon of the books of the prophets, and thus the date of the text as we have it is the subject of intense scrutiny.

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