Six-Day War

related topics
{war, force, army}
{service, military, aircraft}
{law, state, case}
{work, book, publish}
{island, water, area}
{area, part, region}
{group, member, jewish}
{line, north, south}
{theory, work, human}
{ship, engine, design}
{god, call, give}
{government, party, election}
{film, series, show}
{build, building, house}
{car, race, vehicle}
{village, small, smallsup}
{town, population, incorporate}

Total troops: 264,000
100,000 deployed

Total troops: 547,000
240,000 deployed

Focus – Abu-Ageila – Ammunition Hill – Old City – Augusta-Victoria – Jordanian campaign – USS Liberty incident – Waiting period

The Six-Day War or June War (Hebrew: מלחמת ששת הימים, transliterated: Milhemet Sheshet Ha Yamim; Arabic: النكسة transliterated: an-Naksah (The Setback), or حرب 1967, Ḥarb 1967 (War of 1967)), also known as the 1967 Arab-Israeli War or the Third Arab-Israeli War, was fought between June 5 and June 10, 1967, by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt [known then as the United Arab Republic (UAR)], Jordan, and Syria. The outcome was a swift and decisive Israeli victory. At the war's end, Israel took effective control of the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria. The status of the Israeli-occupied territories and the concurrent refugee problem, are central concerns in the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict, raising issues in international law, and having far-reaching consequences in global affairs.[9]

After the 1956 Suez Crisis, Egypt agreed to the stationing of a United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) in the Sinai to ensure all parties would comply with the 1949 Armistice Agreements.[10] In the following years there were numerous minor border clashes between Israel and its Arab neighbors, particularly Syria. In early November, 1966, Syria signed a mutual defense agreement with Egypt.[11] Soon thereafter, in response to PLO guerilla activity,[12][13] including a mine attack that left three dead[14] the IDF attacked the city of as-Samu in the Jordanian-occupied West Bank.[15] Jordanian units that engaged the Israelis were quickly beaten back.[16] King Hussein of Jordan criticized Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser for failing to come to Jordan's aid, and "hiding behind UNEF skirts".[17] In May 1967, Nasser received false reports from the Soviet Union that Israel was massing on the Syrian border. Nasser began massing his troops in the Sinai Peninsula on Israel's border (May 16), expelled the UNEF force from Gaza and Sinai (May 19) and took up UNEF positions at Sharm el-Sheikh, overlooking the Straits of Tiran.[18][19] Israel reiterated declarations made in 1957 that any closure of the Straits would be considered an act of war, or justification for war.[20][21] Nasser declared the Straits closed to Israeli shipping on May 22–23. On May 30, Jordan and Egypt signed a defense pact. The following day, at Jordan's invitation, the Iraqi army began deploying troops and armored units in Jordan.[22] They were later reinforced by an Egyptian contingent. On June 1, Israel formed a National Unity Government by widening its cabinet, and on June 4 the decision was made to go to war. The next morning, Israel launched Operation Focus, a large-scale surprise air strike that was the opening of the Six-Day War.

Full article ▸

related documents
Franco-Prussian War
Guerrilla warfare
Vietnam War
Yom Kippur War
Axis powers
Erwin Rommel
War of the Austrian Succession
Battle of Waterloo
1948 Arab–Israeli War
Continuation War
Military strategy
Algerian War
Second Boer War
Battle of the Somme
Western Front (World War I)
Operation Market Garden
Guadalcanal Campaign
Second Intifada
Second Sino-Japanese War
Battle of Navarino
Battle of Tours
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
Battle of the Little Bighorn
History of Vietnam
Battle of Antietam
Timeline of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
Battle of Kursk
20th century
Battle of Monte Cassino
Soviet war in Afghanistan