Sjöbo Municipality (Sjöbo kommun) is a municipality in Skåne County in southern Sweden. Its seat is located in the town Sjöbo.
The present municipality was created in 1974 when the former market town (köping) Sjöbo was amalgamated with the surrounding rural municipalities. There are fifteen original entities within today's municipality.
There are 9 urban areas (also called a Tätort or locality) in Sjöbo Municipality.
In the table they are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31, 2005. The municipal seat is in bold characters.
Sjöbo Municipality reached into the publics eye in Sweden in 1988 when under the leadership of the Municipal Commissioner Sven-Olle Olsson it voted by a majority of 67% in a referendum, that it would not accept foreign asylum seeker. Most other municipalities in Sweden accepted refugees that came from troubled countries such as former Yugoslavia and Iraq.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, immigration, high unemployment and the fiscal burdens on local governments who were obliged to integrate refugees, and the influence of Sjöbo Municipality's refusal to accept refugees in 1987, led to the adoption of a combined immigration and integration system in the "Aliens Act" of 1989. 
The town of Sjöbo is flat terrained with many small houses and three long strait streets stretching through it, leading to larger roads.
Within the limits of the municipality lays the main part of Vombsjön, which is the largest lake of southern Scania and notable for being the water source of Malmö. Located in the north-western part of themunicipality, some parts of the lake belong to Lund Municipality. It offers fishing for European perch, pike, pikeperch and eel.
There are at least five (largely) authentic medieval churches from the 12th century in the municipality (in Södra Åsum, Tolånga, Björka, Blentarp and Everlöv). They are notable for not having undergone severe restorations that were suffered by many others churches in Scania once the population began growing in the second half of the 19th century and Helgo Zetterwall was hired to expand on them.
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