Slack voice

related topics
{language, word, form}
{@card@, make, design}
{god, call, give}
{woman, child, man}

The term slack voice (or lax voice) describes the pronunciation of consonants with a glottal opening slightly wider than that occurring in modal voice. Such sounds are often referred to informally as lenis or half-voiced. In some Chinese languages, such as Wu, and in many Austronesian languages, the 'intermediate' phonation of slack stops confuses listeners of languages without these distinctions, so that different transcription systems may use /p/ or /b/ for the same consonant. Although the IPA has no dedicated diacritic for slack voice, the voiceless diacritic (the under-ring) may be used with a voiced consonant letter.[1]

The Shanghainese "muddy" consonants are slack voice, the primary effect of which is a slightly breathy quality of the following vowel [1]

Javanese contrasts slack and stiff voiced bilabial, dental, retroflex, and velar stops [1]

References

Full article ▸

related documents
Grammatical mood
Austro-Asiatic languages
Labial consonant
Estuary English
Macron
Senufo languages
Michael
Pitmatic
West Germanic languages
Sonority hierarchy
Viz.
Hexameter
Hendecasyllable
U
Ç
Circumfix
P
Lexeme
Labiodental consonant
Oscan language
N
Uninflected word
Danelaw
Word play
Back-formation
Churl
Malayo-Polynesian languages
Solidus (punctuation)
Derivation (linguistics)
Rhotic consonant