Smithsburg, Maryland

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Smithsburg is a town in Washington County, Maryland, United States. Its population was 2,146 at the 2000 census and latest 2008 estimates are at 2,908.[1] Smithsburg is close to Fort Ritchie army base and just west of the presidential retreat Camp David.

Contents

History

Smithsburg, MD was founded in 1813 by Christopher "Stuffle" Smith. Mr. Smith purchased a plot of land formerly known as "part of Shadrack's Lot." The community's development was directly influenced by factors such as migration paths, the arrival of the railroad, and advances in agricultural technology. By 1923, much of the existing village had been erected. Smithsburg was incorporated in 1846.

Smithsburg acted as a hospital town during the American Civil War in 1862, treating wounded soldiers from nearby battles at South Mountain and Antietam. On July 5, 1863, Confederate General James Stuart and Union General Kilpatrick exchanged artillery fire over Smithsburg. Kilpatrick continued the advance to Boonsboro, Maryland after the engagement on July 6.

Geography

Smithsburg is located at 39°39′17″N 77°34′25″W / 39.65472°N 77.57361°W / 39.65472; -77.57361 (39.654846, -77.573643)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.4 km²), all of it land. The only body of water that is within the limits of Smithsburg is the now inactive Smithsburg reservoir.

Smithsburg is characterized by rolling hills and open space. The town is well-known for its farming community, including apple orchards and dairy farms.

Climate

Due to Smithsburg's location between the Appalachian Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay watershed, its climate is considered mild to moderate. The area has warm, humid summers and winters with temperatures hovering around freezing point.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 2,146 people, 728 households, and 561 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,352.5 people per square mile (910.5/km²). There were 763 housing units at an average density of 836.4/sq mi (323.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.25% White, 2.33% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.28% of the population.

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