Social Democratic Party (UK)

related topics
{government, party, election}
{son, year, death}
{theory, work, human}
{film, series, show}
{black, white, people}
{war, force, army}
{@card@, make, design}
{rate, high, increase}
{area, part, region}
{car, race, vehicle}
{company, market, business}

The Social Democratic Party (SDP) was a political party in the United Kingdom that was created on 26 March 1981 and existed until 1988. It was founded by four senior Labour Party 'moderates', dubbed the 'Gang of Four': Roy Jenkins, David Owen, Bill Rodgers and Shirley Williams. At the time of the SDP's creation, Owen and Rodgers were sitting Labour Members of Parliament (MPs); Jenkins had left Parliament in 1977 to serve as President of the European Commission, while Williams had lost her seat in the 1979 general election. The four left the Labour Party as a result of policy changes enacted at the January 1981 Wembley conference which committed the party to unilateral nuclear disarmament and withdrawal from the European Common Market. They also believed that Labour had become too left-wing, and had been infiltrated at constituency level by Trotskyist factions whose views and behaviour were at odds with the Parliamentary Labour Party and Labour voters.

For the 1983 and 1987 General Elections, the SDP joined the Liberal Party in the SDP-Liberal Alliance. After a ballot of members and the passing of a motion at the 1987 Portsmouth conference, the party merged with the Liberal Party in 1988 to form the Liberal Democrats, although a minority left to form a continuing SDP led by Dr David Owen.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Senate of Canada
Libertarian Party (United States)
Vice President of the United States
Prime minister
Green Party of England and Wales
Ronald Reagan
House of Lords
House of Commons of the United Kingdom
Brian Mulroney
Politics of Germany
Republican Party (United States)
Politics of Singapore
Green Party (United States)
Official Monster Raving Loony Party
Reform Act 1832
Hu Jintao
Joe Lieberman
Dutch Labour Party
Jean Chr├ętien
Westminster system
National Party of Australia
Boris Yeltsin
Ian Paisley
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Plurality voting system
Fourth International
Mikhail Gorbachev
Kuomintang
Jacques Chirac
Pervez Musharraf