Solid-fuel rocket

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A solid rocket or a solid-fuel rocket is a rocket with a motor that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer). The earliest rockets were solid-fuel rockets powered by gunpowder; they were used by the Indians, Chinese, Mongols and Arabs, in warfare as early as the 13th century.[1]

All rockets used some form of solid or powdered propellant up until the 20th century, when liquid rockets and hybrid rockets offered more efficient and controllable alternatives. Solid rockets are still used today in model rockets and on larger applications for their simplicity and reliability.

Since solid-fuel rockets can remain in storage for long periods, and then reliably launch on short notice, they have been frequently used in military applications such as missiles. Solid-fuel rockets are unusual as primary propulsion in modern space exploration, but are commonly used as booster rockets.


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