related topics
{government, party, election}
{area, part, region}
{country, population, people}
{@card@, make, design}
{war, force, army}
{woman, child, man}
{day, year, event}
{service, military, aircraft}
{food, make, wine}
{church, century, christian}
{town, population, incorporate}

Somaliland (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, Arabic: أرض الصومالArḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl) is an unrecognized state located in the Horn of Africa. It is regarded internationally as an autonomous region of Somalia.[2][3] The government of Somaliland, however, regards itself as the successor state to British Somaliland, which was independent for a few days in 1960 as the State of Somaliland.[4][5]

In 1988, the Siad Barre regime committed massacres against the people of Somaliland, which led to the Somali Civil War. The war left the economic and military infrastructure severely damaged. After the collapse of the central government in 1991, the territory re-asserted its independence and withdrew from Somalia on May 18 of the same year.[6][7][8] Since then, it has been governed by an administration that seeks self-determination as the Republic of Somaliland.[1][9][10][11]

Currently, it remains unrecognized by any state or international organization.[7][12][13] However, many foreign governments maintain informal ties with the state and have established an increasing number of foreign delegations and embassies in the capital Hargeisa.[14][15]

Somaliland is bordered by Ethiopia in the south and west, Djibouti in the northwest, the Gulf of Aden in the north, and by Somalia in the east.[1]


Full article ▸

related documents
Östersund Municipality
Republics of the Soviet Union
Republic of Upper Volta
Foreign relations of Mongolia
Barisan Nasional
Treaties of Rome
United Kingdom general election, 1983
Politics of Trinidad and Tobago
Christian Democratic Union (Germany)
Electoral fusion
Politics of Tuvalu
Solidarity (Polish trade union)
Politics of Antigua and Barbuda
Governor of California
United States presidential election, 1932
Allen G. Thurman
History of Kenya
John A. Costello
Joan Kirner
Greater London Authority
Yitzhak Rabin
United States presidential election, 1840
Politics of Uganda
Government of Kazakhstan
United States presidential election, 1864
Politics of Venezuela
Carl McCall