South Holland, Illinois

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{area, community, home}
{city, large, area}
{village, small, smallsup}
{law, state, case}
{food, make, wine}
{land, century, early}
{church, century, christian}
{town, population, incorporate}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{country, population, people}

South Holland is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States and serves as the seat of Thornton Township. The population was 22,147 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

The area currently occupied by South Holland, Illinois was first settled in 1846 by immigrants from South Holland, the Netherlands. When the community formally incorporated as a village in 1894, its population was about 1,000. Originally a general farming community, it later specialized in vegetable growing, especially onion sets. By the 1940s South Holland was known as the Onion Set Capital of the World. The town was built on low ground near the Calumet River and was originally called de Laage Prairie (Low Prairie) to differentiate it from another Dutch settlement further north on higher ground and called de Hooge Prairie (now the Roseland neighborhood of Chicago).

In October 2007, Forbes.com declared South Holland to be the "Most Livable Metro-Area suburb" of the Chicago metropolitan area.[2]

Distinctive Traits

South Holland is an anomaly in Chicago Southland because of its laws [3]. All businesses (except travel related establishments such as hotels, restaurants, and gas stations) are closed on Sunday. This can be seen easily when driving on one of the village's main thoroughfares—162nd Street or South Park Avenue. South Holland is a "dry" municipality; that is, no alcohol is sold anywhere within the village limits. Additionally, the sale or rental of pornographic material is prohibited in South Holland. The village's franchise agreements with cable television providers restrict adult-oriented programming [4]. Zoning restrictions do not allow the development of apartment buildings or condominiums. These laws are a remnant of the village's religious roots as a settlement of conservative Dutch Reformed immigrants. Even today, South Holland's motto is "A Community of Churches".

Geography

South Holland is located at 41°35′51″N 87°35′57″W / 41.5975°N 87.59917°W / 41.5975; -87.59917Coordinates: 41°35′51″N 87°35′57″W / 41.5975°N 87.59917°W / 41.5975; -87.59917 (41.597472, -87.599097)[5]. It is bordered by Harvey and Phoenix to the west, Dolton to the north, Thornton to the south, and Calumet City and Lansing to the east.

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