South Valley, New York

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South Valley is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 302 at the 2000 census. The name is from the town's geographical attributes.

The Town of South Valley is in the southwest corner of the county. It is due east from the city of Jamestown.

Contents

History

The town was first settled in 1798 by Quaker missionaries, who attempted to teach the local Indians agriculture and "civilization." The Quakers started a school in 1803 and erected a sawmill in 1812, but the mill caused dissension in the tribe and was pulled down. In 1838 the Quakers helped the Indians from losing their property to a land company. The Town of South Valley was formed in 1847 from the south part of the Town of Randolph.

Much of the town was deserted in 1965 when the Kinzua Dam was constructed, as many small communities that once inhabited the town along the Allegheny River were flooded. Maps of Cattaraugus County produced today will sometimes make note of the now-abandoned hamlet of Onoville (still marked on I-86 and on navigation signs), with a marker that places its location underwater.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.1 square miles (96.1 km²), of which, 36.9 square miles (95.6 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (0.46%) is water.

The south town line is the border of Pennsylvania and the west town line is the border of Chautauqua County, New York.

The Allegheny River forms a reservoir in the town.

Adjacent towns and areas

The south town line is the border of Warren County, Pennsylvania, and the west town line is the border of the Town of Carroll in Chautauqua County, New York. To the east is Allegany Reservation and the Town of Cold Spring. North of South Valley is the Town of Randolph.

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