Spencer, Tennessee

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Spencer is a town in Van Buren County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 1,713 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Van Buren County[3].



Spencer is located at 35°44′37″N 85°27′30″W / 35.74361°N 85.45833°W / 35.74361; -85.45833 (35.743740, -85.458408)[4]. The town is situated at the western edge of the Cumberland Plateau, just above the Caney Fork River valley. The river forms Van Buren's boundary with White County several miles north of Spencer.

Spencer is topographically isolated by the Cumberland Plateau's escarpment to the north and west and by the Cane Creek Gorge to the south and east. Cane Creek, along with its tributary, Dry Fork, slices a narrow valley as it spills down northward toward its confluence with the Caney Fork, effectively dividing the Spencer area from the rest of the plateau. Cane Creek's upper watershed, known for its scenic waterfalls and geological formations, comprises the bulk of Fall Creek Falls State Park.

Spencer is centered just west of the junction of State Route 30, which connects Spencer with the Sequatchie Valley to the east and McMinnville to the west, and State Route 111, which connects Spencer with the central Highland Rim area to the north. Spencer is approximately 30 miles south of Cookeville and 25 miles west of Pikeville.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.7 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,713 people, 670 households, and 471 families residing in the town. The population density was 250.9 people per square mile (96.8/km²). There were 725 housing units at an average density of 106.2/sq mi (41.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.01% White, 0.23% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.06% Asian, and 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.23% of the population.

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