Spencer Mountain, North Carolina

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Spencer Mountain is a town in Gaston County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 51 at the 2000 census.



Spencer Mountain is located at 35°18′29″N 81°6′31″W / 35.30806°N 81.10861°W / 35.30806; -81.10861 (35.308017, -81.108656)[3] at the foothills of a mountainous ridge.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.4 km²), of which, 0.5 square miles (1.3 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (7.55%) is water.

The town was named after one of Gaston County's mountain summits, Spencer Mountain that has an elevation of around 1,250 feet.


Spencer Mountain was settled in 1772 by Zachariah Spencer, a local Tory. In 1874, J. Harvey Wilson II built a water-powered textile mill (Wilson & Moore Cotton Mill) at the base of Spencer Mountain. W. Thomas Love and John C. Rankin purchased the mill in 1895 and changed its name to Spencer Mountain Mills. A predecessor of Duke Power purchased the mill and the hydroelectric plant that powered it in 1926. The mill was purchased by Pharr Yarns in 1957 and was shut down in 1999. Spencer Mountain was incorporated for a brief period of time between 1895 and 1909 and again in 1963.[4]


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 51 people, 16 households, and 14 families residing in the town. The population density was 104.9 people per square mile (40.2/km²). There were 17 housing units at an average density of 35.0/sq mi (13.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 72.55% White, 19.61% African American and 7.84% Asian.

There were 16 households out of which 50.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.5% were non-families. 12.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.19 and the average family size was 3.29.

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