Springfield, Louisiana

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Springfield is a town in Livingston Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 395 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Baton Rouge Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Geography

Springfield is located at 30°25′45″N 90°32′53″W / 30.42917°N 90.54806°W / 30.42917; -90.54806 (30.429173, -90.548065)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km²), all of it land.

The town's name comes from the numerous artesian springs in the area.

The ZIP Code of Springfield is 70462.

History

Springfield began in the 17th century at one of the northernmost points considered to be navigable on the Natalbany River. Between Springfield and Lake Maurepas, Ponchatoula Creek joins the Natalbany and increases its flow. Via the Natalbany, Lake Maurepas, and Lake Ponchartrain, and Bayou Saint John, Springfield had access to New Orleans by water; similarly, at the time (prior to the damming of the channel by levees) along the Amite River and Mississippi River, Bayou Manchac provided shallow-water access between Springfield and Baton Rouge. By 1810 Springfield was one of the areas of interest in the rebellion against Spain to produce the Republic of West Florida. Springfield was the seat of Livingston Parish on the incorporation of the Republic of West Florida into the State of Louisiana in 1810. As of 2010 the old courthouse still stands, a two-story building in Springfield's southeast quadrant. It was here, in the early part of the 19th century, that Peter av Hammerdal (Peter Hammond), eponym of Hammond, Louisiana, came to do business on transporting merchandise to oceangoing vessels in New Orleans. The 1854 completion of the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad (now the Canadian National Railway)—which went through Hammond, Ponchatoula, and Manchac—bypassed Springfield and deprived it of its logistical role. When Tangipahoa Parish was formed partly from Livingston Parish in 1870, Springfield became no longer even close to central to the parish in which is was located.

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