Sremski Karlovci

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Sremski Karlovci (Serbian Cyrillic: Сремски Карловци) is a town and municipality in Serbia, in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, situated on the bank of the river Danube, 8 km from Novi Sad. In 2002, its population was 8,839.



In Serbian, the town is known as Sremski Karlovci (Сремски Карловци), in German as Karlowitz or Carlowitz, in Hungarian as Karlóca, and in Turkish as Karlofça. Former Serbian name used for the town was Karlovci (Карловци) - it is used today as well, but unofficially.


The town is situated in the geographical region of Srem.


Ancient, medieval and early modern history

In ancient times, a small Roman fortress existed at this location. The town was first mentioned in historical documents in 1308 with the name Karom. The fortress of Karom was built on the ruins of the ancient Roman one. Until 1521, the Karom was a possession of the Hungarian noble families, of which the most well known were Báthory and Morović.

Turkish military commander Bali-beg conquered Karom in 1521, and in the next 170 years, the town was part of the Ottoman Empire. The Slavic name for the town - Karlovci, was first recorded in 1532/33. During the Ottoman rule, the town was mostly populated by Serbs, with the smaller part of population composed of Turks. According to the Ottoman defters from 1545,[citation needed] the population of Karlovci numbered 547 Christian (Serb) houses, thus it was the largest city with a Serb majority in the whole Ottoman Empire.[citation needed] The city also had three Orthodox churches and a monastery.

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