St. Armand, New York

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St. Armand is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 1,321 at the 2000 census. The town was named by an early settler for a location in Canada.

The Town of St. Armand is in the northwestern part of the county and is southwest of Plattsburgh.



The town was first settled around 1829. The early industry was based on lumber production. After most of the trees were harvested, farming became predominant.

The town was set off from the Town of Wilmington in 1844.

By the end of the 19th Century, the town became the locale for sanatoriums intended for tuberculosis (TB) cures. Dr. Edward Trudeau in 1884 was one of the first to establish a sanatorium within the town, near the Village of Saranac Lake.

Notable residents


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.4 square miles (148.8 km²), of which, 56.5 square miles (146.4 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²) of it (1.57%) is water.

The northern and eastern town lines are the border of Franklin County. The town is in the Adirondack Park. The Saranac River flows through the northwest part of St. Armand.

New York State Route 3 passes through the western part of the town.


At the 2000 census[1], there were 1,321 people, 543 households and 349 families residing in the town. The population density was 23.4 per square mile (9.0/km²). There were 689 housing units at an average density of 12.2/sq mi (4.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.43% White, 0.38% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.61% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population.

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