St. Helens, Oregon

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St. Helens is the county seat of Columbia County, Oregon. It was founded by Captain H. M. Knighton, a native of New England, in 1845 as "Plymouth". The name was changed to St. Helens in the latter part of 1850 for its view of Mount St. Helens some 39 miles (63 km) away in Washington. The population was 10,019 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

St. Helens was established as a river port on the Columbia River in the 1840s. In 1853, the Pacific Mail Steamship Company tried to make the city their only stop on the Columbia River.[3] Portland's merchants boycotted this effort, and the San Francisco steamship Peytona helped break the impasse.[3]

St. Helens was incorporated as a city in 1889.

Geography

U.S. Route 30 passes through the city.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.3 square miles (13.8 km²), of which, 4.3 square miles (11.3 km²) of it is land and 1.0 square miles (2.5 km²) of it (18.27%) is water.

Neighborhoods

Columbia Heights is formerly separate populated place that is within the city limits of St. Helens.[citation needed]

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 10,019 people, 3,722 households, and 2,579 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,305.6 people per square mile (889.3/km²). There were 4,032 housing units at an average density of 927.8/sq mi (357.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.74% White, 0.34% African American, 1.68% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, and 3.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.05% of the population. 21.5% were of German, 10.9% English, 9.5% Irish and 9.3% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

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