St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

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Coordinates: 47°34′3″N 52°42′26″W / 47.5675°N 52.70722°W / 47.5675; -52.70722 St. John's (pronounced /ˌseɪntˈdʒɑnz/, French: Saint-Jean, Irish: Naomh Seán) (2006 population 100,646; UA population 151,322; CMA population 181,113) is the provincial capital of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada and located on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the island of Newfoundland.

St. John's is the most populous Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) in the province, it is the second largest CMA in the Atlantic Provinces after Halifax, and 20th largest metropolitan area in Canada with a population of 187,700.[1][2] The city enjoys a long and vibrant history as the oldest English-founded city in North America.[3]

In 2009, the St. John's Metropolitan Area was the fastest growing metropolitan area in Atlantic Canada and the seventh fastest growing metropolitan area in the entire country.[4] The CMA includes the neighbouring city of Mount Pearl and eleven other towns, the largest of which are Conception Bay South and Paradise.[5]

The last half of the 20th century has seen St. John's, with a long and prosperous history in the fishery industry, transformed into a modern export and service centre, famed for its nightlife and rich musical culture. More recently, its proximity to recently discovered oil fields has led to an economic boom that has spurred population growth, commercial development and has resulted in the St. John's area now accounting for about half of the province's economic output.[6][7]

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