St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana

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St. John the Baptist Parish (French: Paroisse de Saint-Jean-Baptiste) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The parish seat is Edgard, an unincorporated area. In 2000, its population was 43,044.

St. John the Baptist Parish is part of the New OrleansMetairieKenner Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the New Orleans–Metairie–Bogalusa Combined Statistical Area.

The largest slave insurrection in US history, known as the German Coast Uprising, started here on January 8, 1811. It was short-lived, but more than 200 slaves gathered from plantations along the river and marched through St. Charles Parish toward New Orleans to seek their freedom.

The parish includes three nationally significant examples of 19th century plantation architecture: Evergreen Plantation, Whitney Plantation Historic District, and San Francisco Plantation House.



St. John the Baptist Parish was the second permanent settlement in Louisiana and considered part of the German Coast The parish was established in the early 1720s by a group of German colonists. Many families established towns around the Mississippi River in the areas now known as Lucy, Garyville, and Reserve. The area was under the French regime until 1768 when France delivered Louisiana to the Spanish after the Seven Years' War.

Around this time period, many Acadians, people of French descent, began arriving in south Louisiana due to being exiled by the British from what is now Nova Scotia, when the British were victorious in Canada. The first Acadian village was established in what is now Wallace. The German and French cultures thrived alongside one another, but French came to be the dominant language. They developed a culture known as Creole.

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