St. Martinville, Louisiana

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St. Martinville is a city in and the parish seat of St. Martin Parish, Louisiana, United States.[1] It lies on Bayou Teche, sixteen miles south of Breaux Bridge, eighteen miles southeast of Lafayette, and nine miles north of New Iberia. The population was 6,989 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Lafayette Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Geography

St. Martinville is located at 30°7′30″N 91°49′50″W / 30.125°N 91.83056°W / 30.125; -91.83056 (30.125053, -91.830593)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km²), of which, 3.0 square miles (7.8 km²) of it is land and 0.33% is water.

Its terrain is mixture of swamp and prairie.

Area code: 337
ZIP code: 70582

History

In the 16th century the area between the Atchafalaya River, in Louisiana, the Gulf of Mexico and Trinity River, in Texas, was occupied by numerous Indians tribes or Subdivisions of the Attakapa. The Indian Territory was not closed to outsiders and several traders roamed through it on business. However, it only began to be settled by Europeans after Louisiana was founded in 1699. The territory between Atchafalaya River and Bayou Nezpique, where Eastern Atakapa lived, was called Attakapas Territory. The French colonial government gave land away to soldiers and settlers.

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