Standard Hindi

related topics
{language, word, form}
{government, party, election}
{country, population, people}
{law, state, case}
{woman, child, man}
{specie, animal, plant}
{theory, work, human}
{line, north, south}

Standard Hindi, or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi, also known as Manak Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी), High Hindi, Nagari Hindi, and Literary Hindi, is a standardised register of Hindustani identified with Hindus. It is one of the official languages of India, (is also considered as national language) and is used, along with English, for administration of the central government.[3][4] Standard Hindi is a sanskritised register derived from the khariboli dialect. By contrast, the spoken Hindi dialects form an extensive dialect continuum of the Indic language family, bounded on the northwest and west by Punjabi, Sindhi, Gujarati and Marathi; on the southeast by Oriya; on the east by Bengali; and on the north by Nepali.

The number of speakers of Standard Hindi is ambiguous. According to the 2001 Indian census,[5] 258 million people in India regarded their native language to be "Hindi". However, this includes large numbers of speakers of Hindi dialects besides Standard Hindi; as of 2009, the best figure Ethnologue could find for Khariboli Hindi was a dated 1991 figure of 180 million.[6]

The regulating authority for Standard Hindi is the Central Hindi Directorate[7].

This article deals specifically with the standard register of Hindi promulgated since independence. For its earlier history, as well as aspects such as phonology and grammar that it shares with Urdu, see Hindi-Urdu.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Ido
Alphabet
New Zealand English
Luxembourgish language
Quotation mark
Manchu language
Esperanto orthography
Dialect
Klingon language
Noun
Names given to the Spanish language
Cantonese
Infinitive
Germanic languages
Roman numerals
Inuit language
Interlingua
Haiku
Macedonian language
Hiragana
Phoenician alphabet
Ancient Greek
Catalan language
Egyptian language
Breton language
Wikipedia:Naming conventions
Wikipedia:Manual of Style
Zulu language
Slovak language
Loanword