Stanislaw Ulam

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Stanislaw Marcin Ulam (April 13, 1909 – May 13, 1984) was an American mathematician of Polish-Jewish origin, who participated in the Manhattan Project and originated the Teller–Ulam design of thermonuclear weapons. He also proposed the idea of nuclear pulse propulsion[1] and developed a number of mathematical tools in number theory, set theory, ergodic theory and algebraic topology.

Contents

Biography

Stanislaw Ulam was born in Lwów (Ukrainian: Lviv ; German: Lemberg), Galicia to a wealthy Polish-Jewish banking and timber-processing family[2] who were part of the large Jewish minority population of the city. Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine) was then in the Austro-Hungarian Empire; from 1918 until 1939 it was in the Second Polish Republic,

His mentor in mathematics was Stefan Banach,[citation needed] a great Polish mathematician and one of the moving spirits of the Lwów School of Mathematics (and more broadly of the interwar Polish School of Mathematics). Ulam himself came to figure among the mathematicians of the Lwów School, playing a significant role in their meetings at the Scottish Café. In the 1950s he translated the group's famous "Scottish Book" into English and published it in the United States.[3]

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