Starogard Gdański

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Starogard Gdański [staˈrɔɡard ˈɡdaɲski] ( listen) (meaning approximately "Old Town of Gdańsk"; Kashubian/Pomeranian: Starogarda; German: Preußisch Stargard) is a town in Eastern Pomerania in northwestern Poland with 48,328 inhabitants (2004). It is 50 km from the Tricity (Polish: Trójmiasto) agglomeration on the coast of Gdańsk Bay.

Starogard has been the capital of Starogard County in Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999, but was previously a town in Gdańsk Voivodeship from 1975 to 1998. Car registration numbers start with GST.

Starogard is the capital and second biggest city (after Tczew) of the region called Kociewie and is populated by Kocievians.

Contents

Etymology

The name Starogard means "old city" in the Pomeranian language. Gdański is appended in the 20th century to the name to differentiate it from other places named Starogard. The German name Preußisch Stargard (Prussian Stargard) is similarly used to disambiguate from other places named Stargard. (See also Stargard).

History

Starigrod was first mentioned in 1198 when Duke Grzymisław II of Pomerania granted the settlement to the Knights Hospitaller and Stargarde can be traced back to 1269. In 1348 the town received city rights under Kulm Law by Grandmaster Heinrich Dusemer.

Archeological evidence indicates remnants of a neolithic settlement from four to five thousand years ago.

In 1920 with the Treaty of Versailles Stargard came to Poland.

Since September 1939 in nearby forest called Szpęgawski Forest (north-east of the town) Germans had killed in mass executions about 7000 Poles, among them 1680 Kocborowo (Konradstein) and Świecie psychiatric hospitals patients. About 500 handicapped children were killed in the hospital, see Action T4. 2842 patients died 1940-1944.

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