Stewart County, Georgia

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Stewart County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. It was created on December 23, 1830. As of 2000, the population was 5,252. The 2008 Census Estimate shows a population of 4,666.[1] The county seat is Lumpkin.[2]

Contents

History

The area was inhabited by Native Americans for thousands of years in the Pre-Columbian period. Roods Landing Site on the Chattahoochee River is a significant archaeological site located south of Omaha. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, it includes major earthwork mounds built about 1100-1350 CE by peoples of the sophisticated Mississippian culture.

The first Europeans to encounter the Native Americans were Spanish explorers in the mid-16th century. At that time the historical Creek tribe inhabited the area, and they maintained their territory until after European-American settlers arrived in increasing number in the early decades of the 19th century. The ensuing conflicts ultimately resulted in the Creek people's being driven out of the region. In the 1830s under Indian Removal, the federal government forced most Creek to relocate west of the Mississippi River to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma.

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