Stock market

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Bruxelles Bourse.jpg

Public market

Exchange
Securities

Fixed income
Corporate bond
Government bond
Municipal bond
Bond valuation
High-yield debt

Stock
Preferred stock
Common stock
Registered share
Voting share
Stock exchange

Securitization
Hybrid security
Credit derivative
Futures exchange

Spot market
Forwards
Swaps
Options

Exchange rate
Currency

Money market
Reinsurance market
Commodity market
Real estate market

Participants
Clearing house
Financial regulation

Finance series
Banks and banking
Corporate finance
Personal finance
Public finance

A stock market or equity market is a public (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete) entity for the trading of company stock (shares) and derivatives at an agreed price; these are securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.

The size of the world stock market was estimated at about $36.6 trillion at the start of October 2008.[1] The total world derivatives market has been estimated at about $791 trillion face or nominal value,[2] 11 times the size of the entire world economy.[3] The value of the derivatives market, because it is stated in terms of notional values, cannot be directly compared to a stock or a fixed income security, which traditionally refers to an actual value. Moreover, the vast majority of derivatives 'cancel' each other out (i.e., a derivative 'bet' on an event occurring is offset by a comparable derivative 'bet' on the event not occurring). Many such relatively illiquid securities are valued as marked to model, rather than an actual market price.

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