related topics
{church, century, christian}
{build, building, house}
{god, call, give}
{@card@, make, design}
{island, water, area}
{land, century, early}
{math, energy, light}
{line, north, south}
{specie, animal, plant}
{day, year, event}
{language, word, form}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{county, mile, population}

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in the English county of Wiltshire, about 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) west of Amesbury and 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones. It is at the centre of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.[1]

Archaeologists had believed that the iconic stone monument was erected around 2500 BC, as described in the chronology below. One recent theory however, has suggested that the first stones were not erected until 2400-2200 BC,[2] whilst another suggests that bluestones may have been erected at the site as early as 3000 BC (see phase 1 below). The surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC. The site and its surroundings were added to the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 1986 in a co-listing with Avebury Henge monument. It is a national legally protected Scheduled Ancient Monument. Stonehenge is owned by the Crown and managed by English Heritage, while the surrounding land is owned by the National Trust.[3][4]

Archaeological evidence found by the Stonehenge Riverside Project in 2008 indicates that Stonehenge served as a burial ground from its earliest beginnings.[5] The dating of cremated remains found on the site indicate burials from as early as 3000 BC, when the initial ditch and bank were first dug. Burials continued at Stonehenge for at least another 500 years.[6]


Full article ▸

related documents
List of architecture topics
Strata Florida Abbey
Tong, West Yorkshire
Mission San José
Mausoleum of Maussollos
Oriel College, Oxford
Palau de la Música Catalana
Kedleston Hall
Peterhouse, Cambridge
Palace of Westminster
Capitoline Hill
Sagrada Família
Edward Hopper
Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, New York
Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin
Peterborough Cathedral
Bath Abbey
Notre Dame de Paris
Giles Gilbert Scott
Terracotta Army
John the Apostle
Lei Cheng Uk Han Tomb Museum
Ablution in Christianity
Louis Sullivan