Stoy, Illinois

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Stoy is a village in Crawford County, Illinois, United States. The population was 119 at the 2000 census.



Stoy is located at 38°59′49″N 87°50′0″W / 38.99694°N 87.833333°W / 38.99694; -87.833333 (38.996879, -87.833456).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 119 people, 52 households, and 29 families residing in the village. The population density was 133.9 people per square mile (51.6/km²). There were 56 housing units at an average density of 63.0/sq mi (24.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 100% White.

There were 51 households out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.2% were non-families. 38.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the village the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $40,625, and the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $31,667 versus $16,000 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,229. There were no families and 1.0% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 7.7% of those over 64.

Oil Boom of 1906

In 1906, John Shire and several men tossed an empty whiskey bottle in the air and drilled where it landed. Fourteen feet was drilled until a gusher of petroleum was struck. Local towns of Stoy and Oblong, IL, became tent cities. From 1908 to 1910, Crawford County was credited as being the greatest petroleum producing area in the world.

Later on, Marathon Petroleum Company moved to nearby Robinson, IL, and is now the largest inland petroleum refinery in the United States.

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