Sub-Saharan Africa

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{area, part, region}
{island, water, area}
{language, word, form}
{company, market, business}
{specie, animal, plant}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{disease, patient, cell}
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Sub-Saharan Africa as geographical term refers to the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara. A political definition of Sub-Saharan Africa, instead, covers all African countries which are fully or partially located south of the Sahara.[1]. It contrasts with North Africa, which is considered a part of the Arab world.[2][3][4][5][6]

The Sahel is the transitional zone between the Sahara and the tropical savanna (the Sudan region) and forest-savanna mosaic to the south. The Horn of Africa and large areas of Sudan are geographically part of Sub-Saharan Africa, but also part of the Arab world.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

The Sub-Saharan region is also known as Black Africa,[10] in reference to its many black populations. Commentators in Arabic in the medieval period used a similar term, bilâd as-sûdân, for the region south of the Sahara, which literally translates as "land of the blacks."[11] However the terminology Black Africa and Sub-Sahara Africa is considered by some as a pejorative term and a vestige of colonialism, which divided Africa into European terms of homogeneity. According to scientific studies natural human skin colour diversity is highest in black or Sub-Saharan African populations.[12] Some note that Sub-Saharan Africa neither exists linguistically (Afro-Asiatic languages), ethnically (Tuareg), politically (African Union, Arab league), in terms of religion (Islam), nor economically (CEN-SAD). The African Union also prefers to see the Sahara as a bridge not a barrier.[13][14][15][16]

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