Subcomandante Marcos

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Subcomandante Marcos (Date of birth unknown),[1] is the spokesperson for the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), a Mexican rebel movement. In January 1994, he led an army of Mayan farmers into the eastern parts of the Mexican state of Chiapas protesting against the Mexican government's treatment of indigenous peoples.[2]

Marcos is an author, political poet, adroit humorist, and outspoken opponent of capitalism. Marcos has advocated having the Mexican constitution amended to recognize the rights of the country's indigenous inhabitants.[3] The internationally known guerrillero has been described as a "new" and "postmodern" Che Guevara.[3][4]

The nom de guerre "Marcos" is the name of a friend killed at a military road checkpoint.[5] He is known as Delegado Cero (Delegate Zero) in matters concerning the Other Campaign. He is only seen wearing a balaclava, and his true identity remains unknown.

Contents

Background

Like many of his generation, Marcos was radicalized by the Tlatelolco massacre and became a militant in the Maoist National Liberation Forces. In 1983, he went to the mountains of Chiapas to convince the poor indigenous population to start a proletarian revolution against the bourgeoisie.[6] The indigenous Mayans "just stared at him,"[6] and replied that they were not workers; that, from their perspective, land was not property but rather "the heart of their communities."[6] When asked about his first days in Chiapas in the documentary A Place Called Chiapas, Marcos says:

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