A submarine sandwich, also known as a sub among other names, is a sandwich that consists of an oblong roll of Italian, Spanish or French bread, split lengthwise either into two pieces or opened in a "V" on one side, and filled with various meats, cheeses, vegetables, seasonings, and sauces. The sandwich has no standardized name, and many U.S. regions have their own names for it; one study found 13 different names for the sandwich in the United States. The usage of the several terms varies regionally but not in any pattern, as they have been used variously by the people and enterprises who make and sell them. The terms submarine and sub are widespread and not assignable to any certain region, though many of the localized terms are clustered in the northeast United States, where the most Italian Americans live.
The name "submarine" has become virtually the standard term in Canada, thanks to a large chain of fast-food restaurants serving the sandwiches under the name of "Mr. Submarine" (or Mr. Sub currently).
History and etymology
The sandwich originated in several different Italian American communities in the Northeastern United States from the late 19th to mid 20th centuries. The popularity of this Italian-American cuisine has grown from its origins in Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Massachusetts to spread to most parts of the United States, and with the advent of chain restaurants, is now available in many parts of the world. In Europe this would simply be known as a Baguette, a Ciabatta, or a barra, named after the type of bread being used. These types of bread are traditional breads in use in France, Italy and Spain for centuries.
Full article ▸