Suez Crisis

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United Nations cease-fire
UNEF deployment in Sinai[1]
Straits of Tiran re-opened to Israeli shipping

The Suez Crisis, also referred to as the Tripartite Aggression,[7][8] (Arabic: أزمة السويس - العدوان الثلاثيʾAzmat al-Sūwais/Al-ʿIdwān al-Thalāthī; French: Crise du canal de Suez; Hebrew: מבצע קדשMivtza' Kadesh "Operation Kadesh," or מלחמת סיני Milhemet Sinai, "Sinai War") was a war fought by Britain, France, and Israel against Egypt beginning on 29 October 1956.[9][10]

The attack followed Egypt's decision of 26 July 1956 to nationalize the Suez Canal, after the withdrawal of an offer by Britain and the United States to fund the building of the Aswan Dam, which was partly in response to Egypt recognizing the People's Republic of China during the height of tensions between China and Taiwan.[11]

The three allies, especially Israel, were mainly successful in attaining their immediate military objectives, but pressure from the United States and the USSR at the United Nations and elsewhere forced them to withdraw. Britain and France completely failed in their political and strategic aim of controlling the canal. Israel fulfilled some of its objectives, attaining the freedom of navigation through the Straits of Tiran and the pacification of the Egyptian-Israeli border through UNEF.


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