Sumner, Maine

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Sumner is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. Sumner is included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England city and town area. The population was 854 at the 2000 census. The town includes the villages of West Sumner and East Sumner.



Originally called West Butterfield Plantation, it was first settled in 1783 by Noah Bosworth from Plympton, Massachusetts. Most of the early settlers were Revolutionary soldiers from Plymouth County, Massachusetts. The town was incorporated by the General Court on June 13, 1798 and named for Increase Sumner, who was then the governor of Massachusetts.[1]

Despite an uneven and somewhat broken surface, the town's principal occupation became agriculture. The two branches of the Nezinscot River provided water power for mills. By 1859, when the population was 1,151, Sumner had three sawmills, two gristmills, two shingle mills, a starch factory, a clover mill (to clean clover seeds, food for cattle), and a powder mill.[1] The Rumford Falls and Buckfield Railroad opened a station near East Sumner in 1878.[2]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.8 square miles (116.0 km²), of which, 44.2 square miles (114.5 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²) of it (1.29%) is water. It is drained by the east and west branches of the Nezinscot River. The town is bordered by Peru to the north, Hartford to the east, Buckfield to the south, and Paris and Woodstock to the west.

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