Sumpter Township, Michigan

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Sumpter Township is a general law township of Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the township population was 11,856.



According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 37.6 square miles (97.3 km²), of which, 37.6 square miles (97.3 km²) of it is land and 0.03% is water.


Sumpter Township was designated township 4 S in range 8 E of Wayne County. The original survey was approved on November 5, 1819. Federal land in Sumpter Township began to be sold to individuals by the 1830s, with one land patent to Arthur Fuller on April 4, 1833[3]. The Sumpter Township has a brief history on their web page[4].

Sumpter Township was officially organized on April 6, 1840.

There were two villages in Sumpter Township in the 19th Century:

  • West Sumpter—The main business district was at the interesction of Karr Road and Wear Road.
  • Martinsville—Martinsville had a Wesleyan Methodist Church, a post office, a cider mill and in the late 19th century a carriage factory.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 11,856 people, 4,110 households, and 3,164 families residing in the township. The population density was 315.6 per square mile (121.8/km²). There were 4,563 housing units at an average density of 121.5/sq mi (46.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 84.68% White, 12.33% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.

There were 4,110 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the township the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.

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