Sunflower County, Mississippi

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Sunflower County is a county located in the Mississippi Delta region of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of 2000, the population was 34,369. Its largest city and county seat is Indianola[1].

The Indianola Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Sunflower County.



Sunflower County was created in 1844. The land mass encampassed most of Sunflower and Leflore Counties as we know them today. The first seat of government was Clayton, located near Fort Pemberton. Later the county seat was moved to McNutt, also in the Leflore County of today. When Sunflower and Leflore Counties were separated in 1871, the new county seat for Sunflower County was moved to Johnsonville. This village was located where the north end of Mound Bayou empties into the Sunflower River. In 1882 the county seat was moved to Eureka, which was later re-named Indianola (Hemphill, Marie M. 1980. Fevers, Floods and Faith—A History of Sunflower County Mississippi, 1844–1976).

The Boyer Cemetery, located in Boyer, goes back to the early days of Sunflower County.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 707 square miles (1,832 km²), of which, 694 square miles (1,797 km²) of it is land and 13 square miles (35 km²) of it (1.90%) is water. Sunflower County is the longest county in Mississippi. The traveling distance from the southern boundary at Caile to its northern boundary at Rome is approximately 56 miles.

The center of the county is about 30 miles (48 km) east of the Mississippi River, about 40 miles (64 km) west of the hill section of Mississippi, 100 miles (160 km) north of Jackson, and about 100 miles (160 km) south of Memphis, Tennessee.[2]

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