Surf City, New Jersey

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Surf City is a borough in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough population was 1,442. The borough borders the Atlantic Ocean on Long Beach Island.

What is now Surf City was originally formed as Long Beach City borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on September 19, 1894, from portions of Stafford Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day. The borough was renamed Surf City by a resolution of the Borough Council as of May 26, 1899.[7]

Contents

Geography

Surf City is 57 miles east-southeast of Philadelphia and 71 miles south of New York City.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.4 km²), of which, 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (21.74%) is water.

History

Home to the first big boarding hotel on the New Jersey coast, called the Mansion of Health. The area surrounding this hotel was called "Buzby's Place" in the 1830s and 1940s, after one of the owners of the Mansion of Health, Hudson Buzby. The Mansion of Health burned down in 1874, but some old-timers still call the cove at the foot of South First Street on the bay side "Mansion Cove."[8]

In 1875, the 20 or so permanent members of the area decided to call it Long Beach City, even though the area was still considered part of Stafford Township. But in 1894, Surf City became incorporated, changing its name to Surf City in 1899 after the United States Postal Service demanded a name change before the town could incorporate, preventing it from being confused with Long Branch in Monmouth County.[9]

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