related topics
{island, water, area}
{specie, animal, plant}
{war, force, army}
{@card@, make, design}
{land, century, early}

A swamp is a wetland with some flooding of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water. A swamp generally has a large number of hammocks, or dry-land protrusions, covered by aquatic vegetation, or vegetation that tolerates periodical inundation.[1] The two main types of swamp are "true" or forest swamps and "transitional" or shrub swamps. The water of a swamp may be fresh water, brackish water or seawater.

In North America, swamps are usually regarded as including a large amount of woody vegetation, but elsewhere this may not necessarily apply, such as in African swamps dominated by papyrus. By contrast, a marsh in North America is a wetland without woody vegetation, or elsewhere, a wetland without woody vegetation which is shallower and has less open water surface than a swamp. A mire (or quagmire) is a low-lying wetland of deep, soft soil or mud that sinks underfoot with large algae covering the water's surface.

A common feature of swamps is water stagnation.



Swamps are characterized by very slow-moving waters. They are usually associated with adjacent rivers or lakes. In some cases, rivers become swamps for a distance. Swamps are features of areas with very low topographic relief.


Swamps were historically often drained to provide additional land for agriculture, and to reduce the threat of diseases born by swamp insects and similar animals. Swamps were generally seen as useless and even dangerous. This practice of swamp draining is nowadays seen as a destruction of a very valuable ecological habitat type of which large tracts have already disappeared in many countries.

Full article ▸

related documents
Geography of Benin
Ellesmere Island
Geography of Comoros
Sea of Azov
Geography of the Netherlands
Wollemi National Park
Geography of Turkmenistan
Geography of Botswana
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Geography of Nigeria
Geography of North Korea
Volcanic Explosivity Index
Geography of Mozambique
Kerguelen Islands
Altai Mountains
Natural arch
Strait of Dover
Great Sandy Desert
Rhine Falls
Geography of the Solomon Islands
Zuider Zee
Strait of Gibraltar
Geography of Bulgaria
Coastal erosion
Geography of the Democratic Republic of the Congo