Syringa

related topics
{specie, animal, plant}
{@card@, make, design}
{day, year, event}
{god, call, give}
{food, make, wine}
{city, population, household}

About 20 species; see text.

Syringa (Lilac) is a genus of about 20–25 species of flowering woody plants in the olive family (Oleaceae), native to woodland and scrub from southeastern Europe to eastern Asia.[1][2][3][4]

They are deciduous shrubs or small trees, ranging in size from 2–10 m tall, with stems up to 20–30 cm diameter. The leaves are opposite (occasionally in whorls of three) in arrangement, and their shape is simple and heart-shaped to broad lanceolate in most species, but pinnate in a few species (e.g. S. protolaciniata, S. pinnatifolia). The flowers are produced in spring, each flower being 5–10 mm in diameter with a four-lobed corolla, the corolla tube narrow, 5–20 mm long; they are bisexual, with fertile stamens and stigma in each flower. The usual flower colour is a shade of purple (often a light purple or lilac), but white, pale yellow and pink, and even a dark burgundy color are also found. The flowers grow in large panicles, and in several species have a strong fragrance. Flowering varies between mid spring to early summer, depending on the species. The fruit is a dry, brown capsule, splitting in two at maturity to release the two winged seeds.[2][3][4][5]

The genus is most closely related to Ligustrum (privet), classified with it in Oleaceae tribus Oleeae subtribus Ligustrinae.[6]

Lilacs are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Copper Underwing, Scalloped Oak and Svensson's Copper Underwing and Saras.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Exoskeleton
Snowdrop
Epacris impressa
Symbion
Lobopodia
Sifaka
Southern platyfish
Nautilus
Falconiformes
Nocturnality
Salsify
Louse
Centrohelid
Labrador Duck
Shrike
Common Swift
Jackal
Peperomia
Penstemon
Asterales
Gametophyte
Beast of Bodmin
Ossicles
Cebidae
Magnolia
Microbat
Eryngium
Adaptive radiation
Southern Boobook
Brolga