Taiwan independence

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Taiwan independence is a political movement whose goal is primarily to create an independent and sovereign Republic of Taiwan out of the lands currently governed by the Republic of China (ROC) (commonly known as "Taiwan") and claimed by the People's Republic of China (PRC).

This movement is supported by the Pan-Green Coalition in Taiwan and opposed by the Pan-Blue Coalition which seeks to retain the somewhat ambiguous status quo of the ROC under the 1992 consensus, or gradually reunify with mainland China at some point. Due to the PRC's claim of sovereignty over Taiwan and repeated threats made by the PRC, a formal declaration of independence could lead to a military confrontation between the Military of the Republic of China and the People's Liberation Army of the PRC, escalating and involving other countries, such as the United States and Japan.[1]

The use of independence for Taiwan can be misleading in different notions. If some supporters articulate that they agree to the independence of Taiwan, they may either refer to develop Taiwan as an independent country, or Taiwan is synonymous with the current Republic of China against the People's Republic of China's claim, see Special state-to-state relations and One Country on Each Side.

Prior to 1895 both Taiwan and mainland China were ruled by the Qing Empire. Following the First Sino-Japanese War, Taiwan was part of the Empire of Japan for 50 years. At the end of World War II, Taiwan was taken over by the ROC in 1945 along with most of mainland China until 1949. Since the ruling Kuomintang was defeated by the Communist Party of China from mainland China, the ROC government has controlled only Taiwan and its surrounding islands. Whether the current ROC makes Taiwan already independent or not is controversial in Cross-Strait relations.[citation needed]

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