Tallangatta (pronounced /təˈlæŋɡætə/) is a small town in north-eastern Victoria, Australia. At the 2006 census, Tallangatta had a population of 950.
The town is situated on the banks of the Mitta Arm of Lake Hume, approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) south-east of Albury-Wodonga along the Murray Valley Highway.
Tallangatta was founded in the 1870s, the Post Office opening on 15 May 1871.
On the arrival of the railway it served as a rail gateway for the Mitta and Upper Murray valleys (the Upper Murray only until the railway was extended to Cudgewa). A considerable amount of gold and tin mining occurred in the late 19th and early 20th century, though, unlike Beechworth, little evidence for this remains. While initially profitable, the mining generally ended because the deeper reefs contained not only gold but other metals, and mining technology at the time was not advanced enough to cope with these and extract the gold profitably.
Since that time, Tallangatta has been a service centre for the local farming community, with a butter factory operating throughout much of the 20th century. Improved road transport links finally ended both the dairy and the rail link in the 1970s (with dairy processing operations now concentrated in Tangambalanga, about 15 kilometres (9 mi) to the west).
Perhaps the most distinctive aspect of the town's history is the fact that it was moved 8 kilometres (5 mi) to the west in the 1950s to allow for the expansion of Lake Hume. On 14 April 1955 the Post Office was renamed Tallangatta East and a new Tallangatta office opened at the new town location.
The grid layout of the streets of Old Tallangatta are clearly visible in Google Earth.
Nowadays, supporting the production of beef and dairy cattle being the dominant produce is the major activity; with a small abattoir  the only substantial secondary industry. Because of the lake and the substantial number of through travellers (including many motorcyclists who enjoy the twisty roads in the area) the town also supports a small tourist industry, with a motel and caravan park.
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