Tariffville

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Tariffville is a neighborhood and census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Simsbury in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. It is a popular location for whitewater paddlers who use the Farmington River. The population was 1,371 at the 2000 census.

Part of the original mill village area is included in the Tariffville Historic District, a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The historic district excludes newer development around West Point Terrace and Hayes Road, as well as properties along White Water Turn, Wooster Road, and Main Street Extension. The historic district is architecturally significant for preserving some evidence of early nineteenth century mill village characteristics (in retaining some old mill housing and street layout) and for also preserving later 19th century Greek Revival and Gothic Revival structures.[1]

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.7 km2), of which, 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2) of it (6.15%) is water.

History

In 1825 (or 1827)[2], the Tariff Manufacturing Company built a carpet mill along the Farmington River, giving its name to the area.[3][4] The company name came from the Tariff Act of 1824 which included protective tariffs for a number of products, including wool and cotton textiles. The area did not have sufficient housing for the workers, so the company built housing, some of which survives today.[5] The carpet business survived for a few decades, but by 1867, the primary industry in the area was sorting and packing of tobacco. The tobacco business would continue as the chief industry through the 1930's.[2]

The first steel manufacturing plant in the country was established in Tariffville at a site on the Farmington river in 1727.[6]

Demographics

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 1,371 people, 618 households, and 376 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,260.3 people per square mile (867.8/km2). There were 638 housing units at an average density of 1,051.8 per square mile (403.8/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.41% White, 2.70% African American, 0.29% Native American, 2.04% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 2.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.

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