Test cricket

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Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket. Test matches are played between national representative teams with "Test status", as determined by the International Cricket Council (ICC), with four innings played between two teams of 11 players over a period of up to a maximum five days. It is generally considered the ultimate test of playing ability and endurance in the sport.[1][2][3]

The first officially recognised Test match commenced on 15 March 1877, contested by England and Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), where Australia won by 45 runs.[4] England won the second ever match (also at the MCG) by four wickets, thus drawing the series 1–1.[5] This was not the first ever international cricket match however, which was played between Canada and the United States, on 24 and 25 of September 1844.[6]

A Test match to celebrate 100 years of Test cricket was held in Melbourne from 12 to 17 March 1977. Australia won this match by 45 runs, the same margin as the first Test match in 1877, which the 1977 match was commemorating.[7]

Contents

Test status

Test matches are a subset of first-class cricket. Test matches are played between national representative teams with "Test status", as determined by the International Cricket Council (ICC). As of 2010, ten national teams have been given Test status, the most recent being Bangladesh in 2000.

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